World Heart Day is celebrated around the world on 29th September each year. This day is commemorated as World Heart Day to spread awareness about Cardiovascular disease and the rapid increase of heart disease and stroke. Cardiovascular disease or CVD is the No. 1 cause of death around the world resulting in over 17.9 million deaths each year. This makes it even more essential to prevent and control these heart diseases and stroke. This World Heart Day, discover what causes cardiovascular disease, what are its common types and when should you consult a cardiologist.
What is Cardiovascular Disease?
Cardiovascular disease refers to conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels. These conditions include blood clots, diseased vessels and structural problems. The risk of certain cardiovascular diseases increases due to smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity and high cholesterol.
Common causes of Cardiovascular Diseases
If you feel any of the above symptoms, it is advisable to consult a doctor. If you think it is difficult during this pandemic, you can always opt for online doctor consultation.
Most common Cardiovascular Disease & Emergency Conditions -
Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary Heart Disease occurs when arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrow or harden due to the build-up of plaque also known as atherosclerosis.
The site of plaque build-up determines the type of heart disease:
Myocardial infarction or heart attack is a life-threatening medical emergency. It occurs when the heart does not receive enough oxygen making it hard for the organ to function properly. This is caused when the blood flow delivering oxygen significantly reduces or stops. This stoppage or reduction of oxygenated blood is caused by atherosclerosis or the slow build-up of plaque. Plaque consists of fatty substances, cholesterol and other substances that collect on artery walls, making the arteries narrow and hard. Blood clots can also form around the plaque which can block or slow down the blood flow resulting in a heart attack.
Most common symptoms of heart attack: -
If you feel any of the above symptoms, immediately reach out for emergency medical care.
A stroke occurs when there is an interruption in the blood supply to the brain or when a blood vessel in the brain bleeds or ruptures. The interruption of blood supply or rupture prevents the brain tissue from receiving blood, oxygen and nutrients resulting in brain damage.
Symptoms of stroke:
A stroke is a medical emergency and immediate treatment is essential. The best doctors in Oman suggest that prompt action can reduce brain damage and prevent complications.
Heart failure is a condition where the heart doesn’t pump blood sufficiently. It occurs when the heart doesn’t pump or fill an adequate supply of blood to the body. This disrupts all major body functions making it a serious heart condition that requires treatment.
Symptoms of heart failure:
Arrhythmia is the improper beating of the heart. The heart can beat too slow, too fast or even irregularly. Tachycardia is when the heart beats too fast and bradycardia is when it beats too slow. When electrical impulses of the heart don’t function properly, cardiac arrhythmia occurs.
Arrhythmia may have no symptoms, but it can include fluttering in the chest, pain in the chest, dizziness or fainting.
Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease
Living a healthy lifestyle can lower the risk of CVD. If you are already affected by cardiovascular disease, you can prevent complications by staying healthy and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. The best cardiologists suggest a few tips that you need to keep in mind if you want to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease.
The treatment depends on the type of heart disease. It generally includes:
Consult the best cardiologist of Oman
A cardiologist diagnoses and treats conditions and diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Consult the best cardiologist of Oman to treat heart attacks, arrhythmia, heart failure, high blood pressure and heart valve disease. While they do not perform surgeries, they perform specialized procedures for the treatment of CVD. They carry out tests and perform procedures like heart catheterization, inserting a pacemaker or angioplasty. If a cardiologist determines that a patient needs surgery, then a cardiothoracic surgeon performs the surgery while diagnosing and treating the disease.
Best cardiologist in Oman
From finding the list of hospitals in Oman to consulting cardiologists near you to booking a doctor appointment, you can easily do it on the DoktorOman App. For instance, if you are looking for the best cardiologist in Muscat, you can find instant results for the best cardiologist near you as well as the best hospitals in Muscat. Similarly, if you are looking for the best cardiologist in Sohar or any other city, you can easily find it on the app.